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Nippon; in E Asia; capital Tokyo; area 145,882 sq. mi., pop. 123,778,000; Japanese; Shinto and Buddhist; yen
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Republic of Korea; in NE Asia; capital Seoul; area 38,023 sq. mi., pop. 43,919,000; Korean; Buddhist, Confucian, and Christian; won
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wiki

i18n, Korean language

, | 12 comments
한국의 소프트웨어가 세계로 진출하는데 장애가 되지 않아도 되는데 계속 되고 있는 것은 한글 엔코딩의 문제다. EUC-KR 이나 CP949나 다른 한글 엔코딩을 내정값으로 사용하면서 프로그램들을 계발하고있다. UTF-8이나 열린 체계로 되어 있는 폰트를 사용하는 것이 좋을 것 같다. 만약 한글을 완전히 구성하지 못하면 열린 체계로 되어있기 때문에 공동 작업이 가능하다.

One of the needless obstacles for software being made in Korea is the issue of Korean encoding. It seems that a lot of software being made in Korea are being developed with EUC-KR or CP949 encoding as defaults. I think it'd be better for them to use an open encoding like UTF-8, including the font. If it can't accommodate the Korean language completely, but there is always the collaboration because it's an open specification.
12 comments >>

War of the Arrows

, | 34 comments
One of the best action movies I've seen recently!



I've created a subtitle for this piece. FYI, I used to produce subtitles professionally for over ten years some decade ago, but I only make 'em if I really like the movie these days. You can download it by clicking here.
 


34 comments >>

Bike Log - 6/16/11

, | 0 comments
I took the road bike today. I've been taking the mountain bike ever since I started commuting, except for the first day. About 2 miles from work, the bike started to become wobbly and it turned out that the rim of the rear wheel had bent. Some of the spokes were loose and my bumpy ride down the trail probably bent the wheel. My weight may have something to do with it, although I'm losing it somewhat slowly. I spent around $80 at Two Wheels Drive on Central to get the rim replaced. The repair guy did a good job. The gears seem to work better afterwards too. I bought a pair of sunglasses, a bottle cage, and a bottle too.

to work







Distance9.3 milesTotal Time41m04s
Mean Speed13.5 mphMax Speed27.2 mph
Diff. in Elevation821 ftMax. Altitude5937 ft
TripTrack Points411Min. Altitude5116 ft


from work


For whatever reason, TripTrack failed to get started.
0 comments >>

Bike Log - 6/14/11

, | 0 comments

to work







Distance9.0 milesTotal Time39m05s
Mean Speed13.8 mphMax Speed25 mph
Diff. in Elevation679 ftMax. Altitude5807 ft
TripTrack Points392Min. Altitude5127 ft


from work







Distance9.3 milesTotal Time1h 7m 1s
Mean Speed8.3 mphMax Speed25.4 mph
Diff. in Elevation689 ftMax. Altitude5813 ft
TripTrack Points671Min. Altitude5124 ft

0 comments >>

Bike Log - 6/9/11

, | 0 comments

to work







Distance9.0 milesTotal Time41m34s
Mean Speed12.9 mphMax Speed26.2 mph
Diff. in Elevation683 ftMax. Altitude5798 ft
TripTrack Points2494Min. Altitude5115 ft


from work







Distance9.3 milesTotal Time1h 14m 39s
Mean Speed7.5 mphMax Speed27.5 mph
Diff. in Elevation705 ftMax. Altitude5791 ft
TripTrack Points4477Min. Altitude5086 ft

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to love is... (사랑한다는 것은)

, | 0 comments
사랑한다는 것은 나의 고집을, 나의 주장을, 그대의 의지를 누를려는 나의 의지를 사랑의 의지로 바꾸는 것.
나의 것이 죽는 다는 의미보다는 내가 어떠한 희생을 한다는 의미보다는 내가 그대를 사랑한다는 의미가 더 강한 것.
지극히 당연한 것을 하는 것 뿐. 천만 억만의 빛을 지고 단 몇푼 않되는 거스름 돈 정도의 것을 돌려주는 것 뿐.
최소로 할 수 있는 것이 나의 최대를 준다는 것은 그 만큼 나 스스로가 사랑의 주어가 될수없는것.
내가 사랑인 것이냥 착각하고 하는 것은 진정한 사랑의 1%도 못 미치고 어떤 추상적인 것일 수 밖에 없는 것.


To love is to turn my stubbornness, my opinions, my will that tries to suppress your will into a will of love.
More than the meaning of altruism, more than the meaning of sacrifice, there is a stronger meaning of loving you.
It's only doing what one is supposed to do. It's a mere act of returning few coins while owing billions in debt.
The least that I could do is to give my utmost, because that's how much of a subject of love I am.
The love that I deceive myself to be doing can't even reach the 1% of the true love, and it can only be an object of some sentiment, most of time a love that is a big basket with barely legible words, "love me."
0 comments >>

Bike Log - 6/7/11

, | 0 comments
The smoke and haze covering the sky last evening was eerie. The wildfire in Arizona is called the Wallow Fire and it has been burning continuously since last week with no containment in sight. According to the news the smoke has reached all the way to Iowa. Ash was falling off of sky last evening. I was little worried about biking to work this morning until I found out that Jim rode his bike on Monday morning. I thought that Tuesday couldn't get worse than Monday, so decided to give it a ride. This morning was a breeze, but I wonder how the trip back home would be this evening.










Distance9.3 milesTotal Time44m15s
Mean Speed12.8 milesMax Speed27.4 mph
Diff. in Elevation678 ftMax. Altitude5804 ft
TripTrack Points2607Min. Altitude5125 ft


0 comments >>

Orderly Japanese

, | 33 comments

The world seems to be in awe before the fact that there are no looting at markets after the disasters that have struck the west coast of Japan. Compliments are poured out over the photos of Japanese orderly lining up to get provisions, and citizens only taking just enough from markets so that others could also find provisions. FT magazine has, in practical terms, called them the pinnacle of human evolution.


The reason for such orderliness could be attributed to strong national pride, high degree of social awareness, and so on, but one of the things that Korean news media has touched on has not appeared in the English media outlets. It is that of strong emphasis on orderliness and constant concern for others. The word 順番 (jun-ban), which means "order," can be easily heard in pre-kindergarten schools not from the mouths of teachers, but from the mouths of little kids. One of the striking examples of the difference between Korean parents and Japanese parents was that of their wish for their children. In one of well-known documentaries in Korea that was shot less than 10 years ago from now (probably around 2000 or so) they had interviewed "average" Japanese parents and they repeatedly said that they would like their children not to be harming others. Whereas Korean parents repeatedly said that they wish to see their children do well in life, or be best in whatever field they aspire to. And this character is clearly reflected in crisis.


Japanese parents teach their children not to be 迷惑 (meiwaku) to others from a very early age. It means not to be harmful, annoying, bothersome, nuisance, or unpleasant to others. Even each prefectures have laws that discriminate against those who act as a nuisance to others.

33 comments >>

The Twilight of an Empire (Korea 100 years ago): 3. "Do you tolerate an insult when your limbs are still in tact?"

, | 0 comments
This is a translation of a series of articles by a Korean national newspaper, Chosun Ilbo, in commemoration of 100th anniversary of the closing of the Korean Empire.

Authored by Young-min Kwon, Professor of Korean literature at Seoul National University
Translated by Michael Han

August 29, 1909 - August 29, 1910

"I am a crip with a deformed arm. We have entered the age of competition in 20th century, and everybody is using force to either increase their national sovereignty or protect their people, and I would need two or three more arms to save this weak country, but I can't even use two arms like everyone else, so how can I not be resentful?"

That was a quotation from a social satire called The Records from the Society of the Disabled (病人懇親會錄) as carried on Daehan Minbo from August 19, 1909 to December 12, 1909, which was time right before the Japanese occupation. The fiction written by So-saeng Kwing (轟笑生) starts out with the formation of the Society of the Disabled by calling all physically disabled people to the city of Seoul. The characters are Limp, One-eyed, Cleft Lip, Disabled Arm, Lame, Midget, Deaf, Huge Stomach, Lump Face, Blind, Thoughtless, Chinless, Hunchback, Six-fingered, Six-toed, and others. Every issue of writing is accompanied by an interesting illustration, and the one that appears on August 26th has a picture of Blind with words, "Blindness causes my heart to race ahead, but I stand on a ridge of a field only tapping with a stick."

During the time of Joseon dynasty blind people were thoroughly marginalized and discriminated against. Even their families removed them from family registries because the number of family members was related to the collection of tax. This is the reason why it is so hard to get an estimate on the number of disabled people during that time. In the traditional Korean folktale Shimcheong-jeon (The Story of Shim-cheong) it reads, "They all arrived outside the palace gate and there were several tens of thousands of blind people," but the actual census of blind people was taken in 1921 during the Japanese occupation for the first time and there were 8972 (including 93 Japanese nationals) of them.

In this social context the disabled people forms a Society and then pours their resentments out. Disabled Arm cries out as follows:

"I don't get upset when people call me dog or pig, but what I have the utmost sympathy for are those great poor folks with two healthy arms whose house has been taken away from them by force, or hear a heap of insults regarding their fathers, or see their children abused, and yet they can't move a finger, simply waiting to be dealt with. Anyway, I urge all you members to eagerly advise everyone you meet not to let two healthy arms endowed by the heaven to helplessly rot away but defend against aggressive tigers and lions so that they don't suffer being a crip for the rest of their lives."

The Records from the Society of the Disabled (病人懇親會錄) borrowed the voice from the lowest of the low of the society to rebuke the moral corruption and impotency of ruling class that had been blinded by their selfish interests and desires while completely unable to take any action against the Japanese invasion. Another words, those with healthy limbs were in a more dire and serious 'psychological disability' compare to those with physical disabilities. The writing emphasizes the importance of proper education in order to resolve such crisis. The outcasts of society are seen in other works such as "Q&A of a Blind and a Deaf," "A Story of a Visitor from a Rural Country," "Denial and Misunderstanding," "The Story of an Orphan," and others.

In 1910, as Korea fell the publishing of satires came to a halt. The call of disabled to the ruling class to stop acting like a retard also stopped. However, these works not only introduced the leading powers of public opinion by social outcasts they also emphasized the need for a democratic process of canvassing the public opinion in Korean society. A hint of modern values were hidden in these fictional works.

Source: http://issue.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2009/09/10/2009091000572.html

[제국의 황혼 '100년전 우리는'] [3] "두 팔다리 멀쩡한데 능욕을 참소?"
권영민 서울대교수•국문학

1909. 8. 29~1910. 8. 29

"나는 곰배팔이오. 20세기 경쟁시대를 당하여 국권을 확장하던지 민족을 보호하던지 모두 완력으로 하는데, 남보다 팔이 두서너 개 더 있어야 이 빈약한 나라를 구할 터인데 본래 있는 두 팔도 남과 같이 다 쓰지 못하니 어찌 원통치 아니하오리까."

일본 강점 직전인 1909년 8월 19일부터 10월 12일까지 '대한민보'에 실린 사회 풍자소설 《병인간친회록(病人懇親會錄)》의 한 부분이다. 굉소생(轟笑生)이란 작가가 쓴 이 소설은 육체적 불구를 운명으로 여기고 살아오던 신체 장애인들을 서울 한복판으로 불러모아 '병인간친회'라는 단체를 조직하는 내용으로 시작한다. 등장하는 장애인은 절름발이•애꾸눈이•언청이•곰배팔이•앉은뱅이•난쟁이•귀머거리•배불뚝이•혹부리•장님•무턱이•곱사등이•육손이•육발이 등이다. 소설과 함께 매번 재미있는 삽화가 등장하는데, 8월 26일자에는 장님 그림 좌측 위에 '눈이 멀어 마음만 앞서가고, 밭이랑에 서서 파만 두드리네'라는 글귀가 적혀 있다.

조선시대 장애인은 사회 밑바닥에서 철저히 소외되고 차별받았다. 가족들조차 '호적조사'에서 이들을 누락시켰는데, 이는 가족 숫자가 곧 세금과 연결되었기 때문이다. 당시 장애인 숫자를 파악하기 어려운 이유다. 가령 소설 '심청전'에서 "대궐 문밖 당도하니 봉사 누만명이 모두 다 모였구나" 하였지만, 실제 맹인에 대한 통계조사는 일제 강점기인 1921년 처음 이루어져, 전국에 8972명(일본인 93명 포함)임이 밝혀졌을 정도다.

이런 사회적 배경에서 소설 속의 장애인들은 간친회를 조직한 뒤 울분을 토한다. 한쪽 팔을 못 쓰는 '곰배팔이'는 이렇게 외친다.

"나는 세상 사람들이 개나 도야지라고 한대도 조금도 노여울 것 없소마는, 생각할수록 딱하고 불쌍하기는 두 팔 두 발이 멀쩡하면서 가옥을 남이 웅거하거나 제 아비를 누가 능욕하거나 제 자식을 누가 학대하거나 열 손가락 한번 까딱 못하고 처분만 바랍니다 하는 그 위인들이오니, 아무쪼록 회원 여러분은 사람마다 붙들고 권고하여 하늘이 주신 두 팔을 속절없이 썩여 내버리지 말고 덤비는 범과 사자를 힘써 막아 생병신 노릇을 말게 하시기를 바라고 또 바랍니다."

《병인간친회록》은 최하층민의 목소리를 빌려 일본의 침략에 아무 대응도 못하고 사리사욕에만 눈이 먼 지배층의 무기력과 도덕적 타락을 질타한다. 사지가 멀쩡한 자들이 육체적 불구보다 더 심각한 '정신적 불구상태'에 빠져 있다는 것이다. 소설은 이런 위기를 타개하기 위해 교육을 강조한다. 이 작품 외에도 《소경과 앉은뱅이 문답》, 《향객담화》, 《거부오해》, 《절영신화》 등에 소외계층이 등장한다.

1910년 나라를 잃으면서 풍자소설은 중단됐다. "지배층은 생병신 노릇을 그만하라"는 장애인의 외침도 끊어졌다. 그러나 이들 작품은 소외 계층을 여론 주도 세력으로 등장시켰을 뿐만 아니라, 주인공들의 토론과 연설을 통해 민주적인 여론 수렴 절차가 한국 사회에 필요함을 역설했다. 소설 속에 '근대적 가치'가 숨어 있었던 것이다.
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The Twilight of an Empire (Korean 100 years ago): 2. Last Military Officer Cadets - Sa-ik Hong, Dae-hyeong Ji, Eung-jun Lee

, | 16 comments
This is a translation of an article in a series by a Korean national newspaper, Chosun Ilbo, in commemoration of 100th anniversary of the closing of the Korean Empire.


Authored by Bong-gwan Jeon, Professor of Korean literature at KAIST
Translated by Michael Han

August 29, 1909 - August 29, 1910

There were three military officers at the end of the Old Korea. One of them was named Sa-ik Hong. He had thoroughly cooperated with Japan and he was a self-made man who had risen up to the rank of a lieutenant general in the Japanese military. He was the seventh man who had risen to such ranks following other ethnic Koreans such as Hui-du Yi, Seong-geun Jo, Dam Euh, Yu-sik Wang, Eung-seon Kim, and even
the youngest son of Emperor Gojong, the Crown Prince Euimin (aka King Yeong Chin, 英親王). He served as the commander of prisoner-of-war camps in Philippines under the 14th Area Army and then he was executed on September 26, 1946 at a prison in Manila after he was tried as one of top war criminals.

Another one was named Dae-hyeong Ji. While serving as a lieutenant in Japanese military he deserted and defected to Manchuria right after the March First Movement. Then, under the alias of Cheong-cheon Yi he served as an instructor of Shin Heung Military Officer School, a brigadier of the Dae Han Independence Army Corps, the Supreme Commander of the Independence Army of the Provisional Government, and others to help develop the armed campaign against the Japanese. After the founding of the Republic of Korea he served as a National Assemblyman, a minister without portfolio.

And lastly there was a man named Eung-jun Yi. He also served in the Japanese military as a colonel not unlike Sa-ik Hong, but he became a military advisor during the time of the US military administration and acted as a sponsor during the formation of Korean military and then became the first Army Chief of Staff.

When we reflect on the fact that these three people had gone to Japan as the last military officer cadets of the Korean Empire 100 years ago it is inevitable to think about the history and the fate. Daehan Maeil Shinbo carried the following news item on September 4, 1909.

"44 military cadets left for Japan from the Namdaemun (Southern Gate) Station at 9 am yesterday as planned."

The Korean Empire military broke up in August of 1907, right after the abdication of the Korean Emperor Gojong. According to the Soon-jong's royal edict issued at the dead of the night due to the pressure by Japanese the combat military unit was broken up and only non-combat military institutions survived, such as the army court, army officer schools, and others. However, even these broke up in July of 1909. The Residency-General closed down the military officer school and picked some cadets to go to the army officer school in Japan. Daehan Maeil Shinbo carried an encouraging words for these cadets:

"Our military officer cadets, don't lose your pride even though the school has closed down. The luck is temporarily not on our side but good opportunities will come and as a Dae Han person we can surely stand against great odds. Our cadets go over the East Sea and be diligent, not losing your grip on the sword, and then after the completion of your schooling restore our national sovereignty and may your good name be remembered for generation after generation." (August 12th)

Military officer cadets arrived at Tokyo and then entered the Korean student class at the Army Central Youth School (陸軍幼年学校; riku gun yōnen gakkō). Even though they wore the same uniform and received the same training as Japanese students, they wore pink-colored epaulet instead of color ones that Japanese students wore. Only in a year after leaving Korea the Korean Empire had fallen and the Korean student class dissolved. After careful consideration 44 students decided to return after the graduation.

They were the 26th graduating class from the Japanese military academy, and they went separate ways. Among Koreans, Sa-ik Hong graduated at the top and then Eung-jun Yi followed the second, and they both chose 'the path of a Japanese soldier,' but their ends were very different. In contrast, Dae-hyeong Ji (Cheong-cheon Yi) gave everything to 'the restoration of the national sovereignty.' If the Korean Empire hadn't fallen they would have become Korean soldiers, but these cadets became tragic figures who pointed guns at each other in the raging waves of history.

Original: http://www.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2009/08/31/2009083101915.html


[제국의 황혼 '100년전 우리는'] [2] 마지막 무관생도 홍사익•지대형•이응준[정정내용 있음]
전봉관 KAIST교수•국문학

1909. 8. 29~1910. 8. 29

구한말 3명의 무관이 있었다. 한명은 홍사익. 일본에 철저히 협력한 그는 고종의 막내아들 영친왕에 이어 한국인으로서 두 번째이자 마지막 일본군 장군(중장)에 오른 입지전적 인물이다. 그는 제14방면(필리핀)군 병참총감 겸 포로수용소장으로 근무하다가 종전 후 A급 전범이 되어 1946년 9월 26일 마닐라 전범수용소에서 처형됐다.

다른 한명은 지대형. 일본군 중위로 근무하던 그는 3•1운동 직후 탈영해 만주로 망명했다. 그 후 이청천이란 가명으로 신흥무관학교 교관, 대한독립군단 여단장, 임시정부 광복군 총사령관 등으로 항일무장투쟁을 전개했다. 대한민국 건국 후 무임소장관과 국회의원을 지냈다.

마지막 한명은 이응준. 그 역시 홍사익처럼 일본군 육군 대좌(대령)를 지냈으나, 미 군정 군사고문으로 한국군 창설의 산파역을 맡은 뒤 대한민국 초대 육군참모총장에 올랐다.

이들 3명이 100년 전 대한제국의 마지막 무관생도로서 일본 유학을 떠난 동창생이란 사실을 떠올리면, '역사와 인간의 운명'에 대해 다시 생각하게 된다. 대한매일신보는 1909년 9월 4일 다음과 같은 소식을 실었다.

"무관학도 44명은 예정대로 작일(어제) 오전 9시 남대문정거장에서 차를 타고 일본으로 떠났다더라."

대한제국 군대가 해산된 것은 고종의 양위 직후인 1907년 8월이었다. 일본의 강요로 야밤에 반포된 순종의 칙령에 따라 전투부대는 해산되었고, 군부(軍部)•육군법원•육군무관학교 등 비전투부대만 살아남았다. 그러다가 이들 부대마저 해산된 것이 1909년 7월. 통감부는 무관학교를 폐교하는 대신 생도 일부를 선발해 일본 육군사관학교로 유학 보냈다. 대한매일신보는 이들을 응원하는 시평을 실었다.

"우리 무관 학도들아 학교 비록 폐지되어 학업 중지되었으나 자긍심을 잃지 마세. 잠시 운수 불행하나 좋은 기회 또 있으니 우리 대한(大韓) 인종으로 일당천백 못할손가. 어화 우리 학도들아 저 동해를 건너가서 풍한서습(風寒暑濕) 쉴 때 없이 칼을 손에 놓지 말고 그 학업을 성취 후에 우리 국권 회복하여 유방백세 하여보세."(8월 12일자)

동경에 도착한 무관생도들은 육군중앙유년학교 한국학생반에 편입되었다. 일본 생도들과 똑같은 제복에 똑같은 훈련을 받았지만, 견장만은 붉은색 대신 분홍색으로 구분되었다. 유학을 떠난 지 1년 만에 대한제국이 패망하자 한국학생반은 해체되었다. 44명은 숙의 끝에 졸업하고 돌아가기로 결정했다.

일본 육사 26기 졸업생인 이들은 그 후 각기 다른 길을 걸었다. 한국인 가운데 수석과 차석을 차지한 홍사익과 이응준은 '일본 군인의 길'을 택했으나, 그 결말은 달라졌다. 반면 지대형(이청천)은 '국권 회복의 길'에 몸을 던졌다. 대한제국이 패망하지 않았더라면 조국의 군인이 되었을 무관생도들은 역사의 격랑 속에서 서로 총부리를 겨누는 비극의 주인공이 되었다.

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